White spots on tongue, whether in children or adults can be caused by a number of reasons ranging from simple infection and tongue injury to serious oral cancer. Let’s begin with some of the most common causes.
Yeast infection in the form of Oral Thrush (or Candidiasis) is the most common cause of developing white spots all over mouth or white coated tongue. White spots on tongue in children, particularly newborn babies are mostly caused by deposits of milk particles leading to his type of such infection.
Strep throat due to bacterial infection by Streptococcus Pyogenes can also be associated with the problem of tiny white spots on tongue. There can either be small white dots on red tongue or red dots on white tongue.
When left untreated for long, the condition can also lead to Scarlet Fever characterized by strawberry tongue, rashes on the neck, upper chest spreading to other parts of the body, enlarged lymph nodes and various other symptoms.
Smoking, alcoholism, debauch and prolonged use of certain medicines like antibiotics, immunosuppressing medicines, steroid inhalers etc may also lead to white spots on tounge due to papillae inflammation. Dry mouth and mild dehydration may also give rise to the problem of tongue with white spots or white marks on tongue.
Issues like vitamin deficiencies and anemia may also cause changes in the appearance of tongue mostly making it appear pale and smooth. Endocrine disorders, stress and certain foods like jalapeÃ±o, habenaro and certain other spicy and acidic foods tend to worsen any existing white spot on tounge.
Serious Conditions Causing White Spots on Tongue and Mouth
Besides, development of white patches on tongue can be a sign of Geographical Tongue. The condition is usually considered harmless but may cause increased sensitivity to some substance.
Another benign condition called, Leukoplakia can also lead to the development of thick white dots on tongue that are usually difficult to wipe off. At times, the condition is considered to be a precursor to cancer when accompanied by raised red lesions.
Lichen Planus can also cause a similar problem characterized by a network of white lines on the tongue. In most of the cases, the condition heals by itself after some time. When dealing with this chronic condition it is essential to take relevant precautionary measures like avoiding alcohol, spicy foods and acidic foods to avoid aggravation.
However, the presence of any unexplained small white spot on tongue though painless in the beginning can also be indicative of Oral Cancer. In such cases, the problems remains persistent even after following numerous remedies.
It is often accompanied by a numbing sensation. As the cancer progresses, the condition becomes progressively painful. White spots on tongue, certain types of skin rashes, flu-like symptoms etc are also considered as some of the early signs of HIV infection.
How to Get Rid of White Spots on Tongue?
Looking for tips on how to treat white spots on the tongue? Here are a few steps to get rid of any tiny white spot on tongue. Gargling with a solution of few drops of tea tree oil mixed in a glass of water is one of the most effective natural remedies for curing this problem. The antimicrobial properties of this oil are highly beneficial in getting rid of white spots under tongue as well.
Glycerin can also be used on any burning white spot on tongue to ease the pain and facilitate the process of healing. The burning sensation can also be relieved simply by sucking an ice cube. Besides, rinsing with lukewarm saline solution is a popular way of reducing a variety of mouth and tongue problems.
Treatment of white patches on tongue in children due to Oral Thrush can be done through antifungal medicines suggested by doctors. Besides, regular consumption of yogurt helps to cure yeast infection by restoring the natural flora and fauna of good micro organisms in the body that help fight infections.
In case you are wondering how to clean white patch off of the tongue then you can simply use brush the tongue when brushing the teeth or use a tongue scraper. Be careful as to not to do this vigorously.
Keeping the tongue clean is highly beneficial in avoid bad breath to a great extent. However, in certain cases, white patches on tongue are difficult to wipe off, especially when caused by conditions like Oral Thrush.
Taking a balanced diet including papaya, apples and other nutritious foods, maintaining adequate oral hygiene, having sufficient water at regular intervals and restricting alcohol consumption, cigarette smoking etc can help a great deal in dealing with white spots on tongue.